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Gardens



Jardim do Palácio Pancas Palha Between the Convent of the Barbadinhos and Rua de Santa Apolónia we find the Palácio Pancas Palha, also known as Palácio Van Zeller.The building and its romantic garden bear witness of different moments in the history of a Manor within the city’s easterly zone.
The palace was built during the 16th century and has since been subject to various architectural and decorative refurbishments, thus dating the actual style to the 18th century.

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Quinta das Pintoras The Quinta das Pintoras is located in Beato and is a private Manor made up of a mansion with three parlours and a large garden that features avenues, a lake with black swans, alcoves, passages, topiaries and a greenhouse of special species of maidenhair.
The garden’s layout shows influences of the style traditionally known as English Gardening, featuring an organic mesh that very smoothly accompanies the altimetric unevenness between the house and the area of the boxwood garden.

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Jardim do Palácio de Belém This erstwhile palace of kings, situated in Belém, is today a national monument as well as the seat of the Portuguese Republic’s president.
The main building with its five wings faces the river Tejo and is surrounded by both architectural  constructions and landscaped areas. To the west you find the Pátio dos Bichos (“Animal Patio”), the Pavillon of Arrábida and the Jardim da Cascata (“Waterfall Garden”). To the south stretches the Main Garden that ends in a viewpoint of the River Tejo.

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Jardim Botânico da Ajuda Portugal’s first botanical garden celebrates more than 250 years of history.
Founded in 1768, it was designed by the Italian botanist Domingos Vandelli, who, at King José’s behest, came all the way from Pádua.
The botanic collection, which was reconditioned in the 1990s, preserves plants from all corners of the world, recalling the bustle of 18th-century Lisbon and its role as a hub of the Atlantic trade  routes.
Since 1910 the Superior Institute of Agronomy has held its scientific and pedagogical activities here, with a dedicated team of gardeners, landscapers and botanists maintaining one of Portugal’s most important botanical collections.
Situated in the midst of the hillside it features one of the city’s most beautiful porches. From the upper platform, where we navigate our way through various continents, we can catch sight of the charming Recreational Garden with the river Tejo in the background.

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Jardim do Palácio Valle-Flor (Pestana Palace) Constructed in Alto de Santo Amaro at the end of the 19th century, the palace with its garden showcases the eclectic taste of José Luís Constantino Dias (1855-1932), Marquis of Valle Flor,  a Portuguese emigrant born in Murça, who made a fortune as a farmer in São Tomé and Príncipe.
The Marquis, whose title was bestowed upon him by King Carlos I in 1907, lived in Paris and Lisbon with his family.
The palace’s restoration and subsequent adaptation into a hotel complex, run by the Pestana Group since 1992, has conserved the garden’s romantic style with an exuberant and tropical vegetation that delights guests and visitors alike.
Thanks to Lisbon’s mild climate we can find certain unique species in this garden that give a special charm to this sumptuous mansion.

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Telhado Verde da Fábrica de Água de Alcântara The green roof at the purification plant in Alcântara (“ETAR de Alcântara”) measures around two hectares. This solution significantly diminishes the impact a huge wastewater treatment plant has on its surroundings in the middle of the city.
Situated next to Monsanto Natural Park, it benefits from good thermic and acoustic isolation, and decreases the size of the area that is impervious to rainwater, which leads to a decline in  flooding.
On top of this the roof, through its ability to absorb solar radiation, helps diminish global warming, at the same time as the plants convert the air’s CO2 into oxygen by means of photosynthesis.

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Jardim do Palácio Fronteira The Fronteira Palace was built between 1671 and 1672 as a hunting pavilion for Dom João Mascarenhas, 1º Marquis of Fronteira. Situated on Monsanto Forest’s Northeastern hillside, its grand gardens total approximately 5.5 hectares.
Highlights include the garden of Venus, the Grand Water Tank and the Formal Garden, unique manifestations of the audacity of Baroque art and the richness of classical motifs.
This garden divides into various nuclei and the explosion of colour and radiance is evident in its combination of tones of blue, red, ochre and green that give rise to an unequalled synesthetic experience.
Classified as a National Monument since 1982, the Fronteira Palace  with its gardens is one of Lisbon’s most emblematic historical sites, and an example of delicate preservation of cultural heritage, managed by the foundation of “Casas de Fronteira e Alorna”.

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Parque Botânico do Monteiro-Mor The Botanical Park is an area that grew out of a former agricultural conglomeration, and currently measures about 11 walled hectares. It is crossed by a stream that, at the entrance, runs openly and later continues through a pipe that dates from the 18th century.
Traditionally it is said that the Botanical Garden was started by Domingos Vandelli in the second half of the 18th century.
After the State acquired the property in 1975, it was restored and adapted to the Botanical Park, and while its characteristic areas - garden, rose garden, orchard, meadows, pinewoods and vegetable garden - were maintained, the botanical diversity increased.
The flora of the Botanical Park of Monteiro-Mor has a varied collection of more than 250 species, with special emphasis on ornamental and forestal kinds, although vegetables, fruit trees, aromatic and medicinal plants are also grown. Here you find mainland Portugal’s first Araucaria heterophylla (Norfolk Island Pine).

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Quinta dos Azulejos
It is in the interior patio at “Manuel Bernardes College” that one discovers the Quinta dos Azulejos, the “Palace of the Tiles”.
At this Manor an extraordinary collection of tiles from the mid-18th century Baroque Rococo style appears in front of our eyes, taken from the Royal Factory of Stoneware in Rato and a  French-style garden. The architectural elements - columns, walls, benches - are wholly covered with tiles, creating these specific lines that carry us back to the Baroque age - a garden where the plants gave way to tiles.

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Jardim do Centro Ismaili de Lisboa During its 20 years of existence, the Ismaili Centre of Lisbon has been the principal meeting point for the Ismaili Muslim community.
The garden can be seen as an extension of the edifice, branching out into different spaces of  fruitful exterior, but also including two interior patios, the “chaar-baghand the spring patio, where the most emblematic architectural elements of Islamic art are combined with traditional species from Islamic Mediterranean landscapes.
This lovely garden’s species were all detailedly handpicked to create beauty and harmony among their fragrances, textures, shapes and colours.

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Jardim & Biblioteca Botânica Privada This Botanical Library is a place of literary cultivation where works on botanical sciences discuss plant-based topics - as much in their social, historical and human contexts as in their most practical, pedagogical and playful senses.
The collection is based mainly on works specialising on tropical and subtropical plants.
The aim of this private botanical library is generally to collect works published since the 1960s, and to promote the study of tropical species cultivable in Portugal.
The Botanical Library’s garden is a practical exercise in the research on tropical species and their acclimatisation to Lisbon. Uncompromising and random, it appears as a lively and immediate example that stimulates the mind and teaches the interested reader about the cultivation of exotic species in a climate distinct from the regions of their respective origin.

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Cemitério Inglês - British Cemetery The English cemetery tells many revealing stories about the long presence of English and Dutch Protestants in Lisbon. After the Napoleonic Wars a church dedicated to Saint George was built, which today serves as a centre for the Anglican community of Lisbon.
Gothic graves, Celtic crosses and tall Cypress trees are some of the space’s distinctive features. Thanks to its vegetation, which was planted onto the graves, the resulting atmosphere  is one of peace and tranquility - an approach to showing the cemetery as a place that celebrates life and nature.

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Jardim da Residência do Embaixador dos EUA
The garden of the Official Residence of the Ambassador of the United States of America in Portugal and the neoclassical palace where it is inserted was built in 1878 by the Count of Olivais and was rented to the US Government in 1927.
As a residential garden, it conserves vestiges of the Romantic Garden in use at the time, with meadows and borders of flowerbeds. At the initiative of current Ambassador Mary Glass and her husband George a rose garden was planted, sharing the image and colours of the American flag, with the species’ scarlet roses named "Firefighter's Red”, in honor of the firefighters who gave their lives to save the victims of the Twin Towers disaster on 11 September 2001.

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Jardim e Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga The museums’s garden belongs to a palace constructed in the 17th century under the auspices of 1º Count of Alvor, Dom Francisco of Távora, freshly returned from India where he had served as viceroy.
Located on a promontory, this garden is a rare exemplar in the city of Lisbon. Of considerable dimensions and supported by high walls it opens towards the Tejo and its surrounding landscape.
It has been the object of successive modifications, which have contributed to its present entropic image, noteworthy for the disparity between the rigidity of formulaic paths and the fluidity of the arboreal structure.
After an attentive observation the visitor may distinguish evidence of the axial baroque structure  centred around a small, round water tank hewn from stone; the superposition of 18th century modifications of romantic feature; the recent alterations of the pathways, plantations, metallic constructions; and the spread of stonework and sculptures on plinths, nostalgically covered in ivy.

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Pátio dos Prazeres Anybody walking along Rua dos Prazeres will find it hard to imagine that several families live behind number 49. During the 1999 contest “Lisbon in Bloom” the Municipality of Lisbon awarded the prize for the capital’s most flowered street to the Pátio dos Prazeres.
This is the courtyard where Sr. António Silva cultivates various fruit trees in old laundry basins, and his neighbours keep track by adding pots teeming with flowers.

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Pátio do João e da Teresa João and Teresa nurse and cradle all the vases that populate this patio, situated close to Praça das Flores. Hidden out of sight, this vegetable garden is affectionately cared for - it is without a doubt truly Lisbon-esque.

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Jardim do Grémio Literário The garden, opened in 1844, is the only one in this historical part of town. Its green space is linked to a building exemplary of Lisbon’s Romantic Architecture, featuring an open varanda that faces the river Tejo and the Castle of Saint George.
Preserved over the ages, the garden’s current version is the brainchild of professor and architect Gonçalo Ribeiro Telles.
Situated at basement level this is the garden that Eça de Queiroz called “my farm with the gates to Chiado”.

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Jardim do Último Andar - Coleção Privada When the idea of rooftop spaces was unknown and feared by Lisbon’s inhabitants, this garden  arose to innovate and renovate the usefulness of a housing estate’s dry roof by starting to landscape every available space.
The environmental consciousness acquired by movements in Europe’s large cities made one of the homeowners come up with his own initiative for a greener and more environmentally-friendly Lisbon.
The chosen plants are mostly xerophytes or have been adapted to water deprivation. The applied Bric-à-Brac style emerges between the apparent disorder of nature, reproducing a rustic, spontaneous and wild garden.
Seeds transported strictly by natural means germinated this garden’s protected and distinguished specimens.

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Jardim do Beco do Monte Situated on the hill of Graça, this estate was abandoned for more than 20 years.
The past three years saw the fruitful collaboration of various people from diverse backgrounds lead to the planting of a garden that mirrors the old “Romantic Lisbon”.
Amid the orchard and the tropical garden different methodologies of contemporary gardening have been applied - at the same time attentive to the ecosystem and to the infinite creative possibilities that nature offers us.
The private garden at Beco do Monte is where the citrus smell and the view of the city invite us to reflect on the meaning of vegetal spaces and how to conserve them.

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Jardim de Exóticas Tropicais - Coleção Privada This small and yet most varied tropical garden of Lisbon fits in less than 100 square metres.
The garden was planted in 2016 - just prior to the reconstruction of the surrounding ruins.
It holds an odd collection of specimens that throughout Europe are regularly cultivated indoors, and exhibits rare species which surprise the viewer simply by having been chosen by the owner/gardener.
A lesson in the acclimatisation of species in a garden that looks out over the city.

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Jardim da Casa da Nossa Senhora da Vitória Sitting upon an orchard of Citrus trees the former house of Agapito Serra Fernandes, owner of the Bairro Estrela D’Ouro in Graça, is today a senior citizens’ home for more than 70 ladies.
In the Grandmother’s Garden (“Jardim da Avó”) field flowers are mixed with roses and Masonic symbols. An example of domestic citriculture in Lisbon, this mysterious garden offers one of the most beautiful views of the city.

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Estufa Fria de Lisboa In 1912 a shelter for vegetal species from around the globe was inaugurated at an old stone pit with the goal of afforesting the Avenida da Liberdade. The outbreak of World War I delayed these plans and the plants started putting down roots at the former quarry. In 1926, the architect and painter Raul Carapinha idealised a project to transform the place into a greenhouse.
The Estufa Fria of Lisbon is certainly one the city’s most impressive gardens, a groomed forest   in the centre of town.

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Jardim do Goethe-Institut The “Goethe-Garten” is one of Lisbon’s most seductive gardens and not only because of its Jazz.
Here various languages and cultures embrace one another in wonderful botanical dialogue.

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Jardim da Embaixada de Itália Among the architectural ensemble of the Palácio dos Condes de Pombeiro, which was bought by the Italian government in 1925, lies the embassy’s garden.
Situated at the rear of the building, the garden stretches for more than half a hectare, reaching a memorial star in tribute to all war victims.
The space is dotted with centenarian palm trees, cypresses, weeping willows and magnolias, while miscellaneous citrus trees recall mediterranean flavours and fragrances. Next to the imposing set of bougainvilleas that adorn the perimeter wall, rows of aloës, gigantic jacaranda trees and hibiscuses delimit the grassy meadow.
At the first signs of spring, roses, bush lilies and begonias explode into bloom, while the numerous jasmine branches impregnate the air with their pleasant aroma.

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